On the Moment of DeathDespite it being a rather controversial and widely debated topic, I find little to say in regards to life and death. Perhaps this is due to the fact that I lack experience and knowledge when it comes to existentialism, but I suppose I would not be penalized for offering what little things I can say.
Life as we know it is full of wonders and joy, pains and tears, surprises and remorse, among many other things. But that isn't what I really wish to discuss, for I am certain that most of us would generally consent to the richness of life, its ups and downs as well as the happiness and misery it brings. I wish to talk about death, or more accurately, the instantaneous transition from being alive to being dead and thereafter. This instantaneous transition, (which I shall refer to as dying for the rest of our discussion,) and what comes after is feared by a great amount of people, which baffles me. I am not here to accuse those who fear death as cowards, nor do I claim that I did not fear the
Kant and Ayer on the a prioriCritical Assessment of Geometry as a Synthetic System
Eighteenth century German philosopher Immanuel Kant establishes in his Critique of Pure Reason that there are certain cognitions of the mind that are independent from experience and sense impressions, calling them a priori cognitions. Of all the a priori concepts Kant exposits in his Critique, this paper focus on the first and foremost that was examined; namely, the concept of space. To derive space necessarily independent of experience, Kant relies on geometry as "a science that determines that properties of space synthetically and yet a priori" (Kant B40). However, a later philosopher A. J. Ayer objects the Kantian notion of the synthetic a priori; criticizing that geometry is in fact analytic and tautological. In this paper, I will define the distinction between the analytic and synthetic propositions (in both Kant and Ayer's point of view), and assess both views of the <
JuneIt was another summer. The air of June grew to be warmer and stickier; the smell of salted water seems so much stronger in the heat. With my shoes in my hand, I stepped over the hot sand in bare foot, occasionally kicking against a rock or two. Up ahead is the observation dock, extending far beyond the shoreline and high above the whooshing waves.
I looked up; there was not a single strand of cloud for miles, only the burning sun slowly cooking everyone below. People scattered over the beach and the dock, resting, chattering, and seeking for new discoveries on the horizon and in the sands. Everything was still the same, but ten years ago it all seemed so much more barren. Time had brought both the dock and I out of our isolated histories.
There were only a few weeks left of school, and then it would be the summer breaks. The excitement for freedom had already spread through the students like a disease; teachers had no cure of how to bring back our minds into their lectures.
The beach w
A Response Concerning TimeAs for space and time, I believe that there is no actual area in our universe that contains absolutely no substance at all. (Cf. the huge amount of dark matter, neutrinos, the constant creation of virtual particles, photons and forces, etc., although it is debatable whether some of these can be considered as substances.) With that said, as a thought experiment I make possible a world absent of all substance and question the existence of time in such an area. Let us then, disengage ourselves from this newly created world and observe as outsiders.
Before I go on to ponder about whether or not time should exist in such an area, let us be clear on the definition of time. In theory, time has two directions, viz. forwards and backwards. As it is not a contradiction of time for me to have an idea of it traveling regressively, I shall remain open to the concept of it being able to reverse itself while acknowledging that practically in our universe, time has hitherto only been able to move forw